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Phonics in Year 1

Phase 5 

Children begin Phase 5 in Year 1 and continue this until the end of Year 1. In Phase 5 children learn some alternative spellings for GPCs they already know. Some of these are digraphs; two letters making one sound. Some of these are split digraphs; two letters that are making one sound but are split by another letter in the middle when written eg: the a-e sound in cake. When children have learnt all the GPCs, Phase 5 focuses heavily on teaching alternative pronunciations and spelling and grammar rules. Children learn alternative spelling GPCs in this order:

Year 1 Autumn 2 GPCs

  • ai/ ay play
  • ow/ ou cloud
  • oi/ oy toy
  • ea/ ea each
  • ur/ ir bird
  • igh/ ie pie
  • oo/ /yoo/ ue blue rescue
  • /yoo/ u unicorn
  • oa/ o go
  • igh/ i tiger
  • ai/ a paper
  • ee/ e he
  • ai/ a-e shake
  • igh/ i-e time
  • oa/ o-e home
  • oo/ /yoo/ u-e rude cute
  • ee/ e-e these
  • oo/ /yoo/ ew chew new
  • ee/ ie shield
  • or/ aw claw

Year 1 Autumn 2 tricky words:

  • their
  • people
  • oh
  • your
  • Mr
  • Mrs
  • Ms
  • could
  • would
  • should
  • our
  • house
  • mouse
  • water
  • want

Year 1 Spring 1GPCs

  • /ee/ y funny
  • e/ ea head
  • w/ wh wheel
  • /oa/ oe ou toe shoulder
  • igh/ y fly
  • oa/ ow snow
  • j/ g giant
  • f/ ph phone
  • l/ le al apple metal
  • s/ c ice
  • v/ ve give
  • u/ o-e o ou some mother young
  • z/ se cheese /
  • s/ se ce mouse fence /
  • ee/ ey donkey
  • oo/ ui ou fruit soup

 Year 1 Spring 1 tricky words:

  • any
  • many
  • again
  • who
  • whole
  • where
  • two
  • school
  • call
  • different
  • thought
  • through
  • friend
  • work

Year 1 Spring 2 GPCs

  • ur/ or word
  • oo/ u oul awful could
  • air/ are share
  • or/ au aur oor al author dinosaur floor walk
  • ch/ tch ture match adventure
  • ar/ al a half* father*
  • or/ a water
  • schwa in longer words: different
  • o/ a want
  • air/ ear ere bear there
  • ur/ ear learn
  • r/ wr wrist
  • s/ st sc whistle science
  • /c/ ch school
  • sh/ ch chef
  • z/ ze freeze
  • schwa at the end of words: actor

Year 1 Spring 2 tricky words

  • once
  • laugh
  • because
  • eye

There are no new GPCs or tricky words taught in Year 1 Summer term 1 as the children will have the Phonics Screening Check (PSC). The PSC is reading test of 40 words containing sounds the children have learnt in F2 and Year 1. The words get harder as the test progresses. There are 20 real word and 20 pseudo (made- up) words. We call these alien words at school and children will be used to reading words such as these. 

Year 1 Summer 2 GPCs

  • /ai/ eigh aigh ey ea eight straight grey break
  • n/ kn gn knee gnaw
  • m/ mb thumb
  • ear/ ere eer here deer
  • zh/ su si treasure vision
  • j/ dge bridge
  • i/ y crystal
  • j/ ge large
  • sh/ ti ssi si ci potion mission mansion delicious
  • /or/ augh our oar ore daughter pour oar more

Year 1 Summer 2 Tricky Words

  • busy
  • beautiful
  • pretty
  • hour
  • move
  • improve
  • parents
  • shoe

Children are assessed every 6 weeks to ensure they are keeping up with the pace of the programme. If any child has fallen behind and needs additional support, they will receive daily catch up sessions until they are working at an age related level again.